569 EUR
682 USD
472 GBP
Catalog number: genta-ABS0634
Product Quantity: 0.5 mg
Supplier: AbD

   CAPTCHA Image   Reload Image

Gene target: tnf alpha

Related genes to: RAT ANTI MOUSE TNF ALPHA Biotin

Symbol : biotin NIH gene
LocusTag : Bathy11g00270
chromosome : 11
description : biotin synthase
type of gene : protein-coding
Modification date : 2015-06-26
Symbol : tnf NIH gene
description : tumor necrosis factor
type of gene : protein-coding
Modification date : 2015-11-14

Related Pathways to: RAT ANTI MOUSE TNF ALPHA Biotin

Gene about :Tnf
Pathway :Rn Toll-like receptor signaling pathway
Gene about :biotin
Pathway :Sc Protein Modifications

Related product to: RAT ANTI MOUSE TNF ALPHA Biotin

Related Articles about: RAT ANTI MOUSE TNF ALPHA Biotin

Infiltrating macrophages in diabetic nephropathy promote podocytes apoptosis via TNF-α-ROS-p38MAPK pathway.

Macrophage infiltration has been linked to the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy (DN). However, how infiltrating macrophages affect the progression of DN is unknown. Although infiltrating macrophages produce pro-inflammatory mediators and induce apoptosis in a variety of target cells, there are no studies in podocytes. Therefore, we tested the contribution of macrophages to podocytes apoptosis in DN. in vivo experiments showed that apoptosis in podocytes was increased in streptozocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats compared with control rats and that this apoptosis was accompanied by increased macrophages infiltration in the kidney. Then, we established a co-culture system to study the interaction between macrophages and podocytes in the absence or presence of high glucose. Macrophages did not trigger podocytes apoptosis when they were co-cultured in the absence of high glucose in a transwell co-culture system. Additionally, although podocyte apoptosis was increased after high glucose stimulation, there was a further enhancement of podocyte apoptosis when podocytes were co-cultured with macrophages in the presence of high glucose compared with podocytes cultured alone in high glucose. Mechanistically, we found that macrophages were activated when they were exposed to high glucose, displaying pro-inflammatory M1 polarization. Furthermore, conditioned media (CM) from such high glucose-activated M1 macrophages (HG-CM) trigged podocytes apoptosis in a reactive oxygen species (ROS)-p38mitogen-activated protein kinases (p38MAPK) dependent manner, which was abolished by either a ROS inhibitor (Tempo) or a p38MAPK inhibitor (SB203580). Finally, we identified tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α) as a key mediator of high glucose-activated macrophages to induce podocytes apoptosis because an anti-TNF-α neutralizing antibody blunted the apoptotic response, excess ROS generation and p38MPAK activation in podocytes induced by HG-CM. Moreover, addition of recombinant TNF-α similarly resulted in podocytes apoptosis. In summary, the TNF-α that was released by high glucose-activated macrophages promoted podocytes apoptosis via ROS-p38MAPK pathway. Blockade of TNF-α secretion from high glucose activated macrophages and ROS-p38MAPK pathway might be effective therapeutic options to limit podocytes apoptosis and delay the progression of diabetic nephropathy. - Source :PubMed

Click biotinylation of PLGA template for biotin receptor oriented delivery of doxorubicin hydrochloride in 4T1 cell induced breast cancer.

PLGA was functionalized with PEG and biotin using click chemistry to generate a biotin receptor targeted copolymer (Biotinylated-PEG-PLGA) which in turn was used to fabricate ultrafine nanoparticles (BPNP) of doxorubicin hydrochloride (DOX) for effective delivery in 4T1 cell induced breast cancer. However adequate entrapment of a hydrophilic bioactive like DOX in a hydrophobic polymer system made of PLGA is not usually possible. We therefore modified a conventional W/O/W emulsion method by utilizing ammonium chloride in the external phase to constrain DOX in dissolved polymer phase by supressing its inherent aqueous solubility as per common ion effect. This resulted in over eight fold enhancement in entrapment efficiency of DOX inside BPNP, which otherwise is highly susceptible to leakage due to its relatively high aqueous solubility. TEM and DLS established BPNP to be sized below 100 nm, storage stability studies showed that BPNP were stable for one month at 4°C, and in vitro release suggested significant control in drug release. Extensive in vitro and in vivo studies were conducted to propound anticancer and antiproliferative activity of BPNP. Plasma and tissue distribution study supplemented by pertinent in vivo fluorescence imaging mapped the exact fate of DOX contained inside BPNP once it was administered intravenously. A comparative safety profile via acute toxicity studies in mice was also generated to out rightly establish usefulness of BPNP. Results suggest that BPNP substantially enhance anticancer activity of DOX whilst simultaneously mitigating its toxic potential due to altered spatial and temporal presentation of drug and consequently deserve further allometric iteration. - Source :PubMed

Polymorphisms of the TNF-α gene interact with plasma fatty acids on inflammatory biomarker profile: a population-based, cross-sectional study in São Paulo, Brazil.

The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship of four TNF-α SNP with inflammatory biomarkers and plasma fatty acids (FA), and the interaction among them in a population-based, cross-sectional study in São Paulo, Brazil. A total of 281 subjects, aged >19 and <60 years, participated in a cross-sectional, population-based study performed in Brazil. The following SNP spanning the TNF-α gene were genotyped: -238G/A (rs361525), -308G/A (rs1800629), -857C/T (rs1799724) and -1031T/C (rs1799964). In all, eleven plasma inflammatory biomarkers and plasma FA profile were determined. To analyse the interaction between TNF-α SNP and plasma FA, a cluster analysis was performed to stratify individuals based on eleven inflammatory biomarkers into two groups used as outcome: inflammatory (INF) and non-inflammatory clusters. The -238A allele carriers had higher TNF-α (P=0·033), IL-6 (P=0·013), IL-1β (P=0·037), IL-12 (0·048) and IL-10 (P=0·010) than the GG genotype. The -308A allele carriers also had lower levels of plasma palmitoleic acid (P=0·009), oleic acid (P=0·039), total MUFA (P=0·014), stearoyl-CoA desaturase (SCD) activity index-16 (P=0·007), SCD-18 (P=0·020) and higher levels of PUFA (P=0·046) and DHA (P=0·044). Significant interactions modifying the risk of belonging to the INF cluster were observed with inflammatory cluster as outcome between -857C/T and plasma α-linolenic acid (P=0·026), and also between -308G/A and plasma stearic acid (P=0·044) and total SFA (P=0·040). Our study contributes to knowledge on TNF-α SNP and their association with inflammatory biomarker levels, plasma FA and the interaction among them, of particular interest for the Brazilian population. - Source :PubMed

A photocrosslinkable biotin derivative of the phosphoantigen (E)-4-hydroxy-3-methylbut-2-enyl diphosphate (HMBPP) activates Vγ9Vδ2 T cells and binds to the HMBPP site of BTN3A1.

Vγ9Vδ2 T cells play an important role in the cross talk of the innate and adaptive immune system. For their activation by phosphoantigens (PAgs) both cell surface receptors the eponymous Vγ9Vδ2 T cell antigen receptors (Vγ9Vδ2 TCRs) on Vγ9Vδ2 T cells and butyrophilin 3A1 (BTN3A1) on the phosphoantigen-"presenting" cell are mandatory. To find yet undetected further contributing proteins a biotinylated, photocrosslinkable benzophenone probe BioBP-HMBPP (2) was synthesized from a known allyl alcohol in nine steps and overall 16% yield. 2 is based on the picomolar PAg (E)-4-hydroxy-3-methylbut-2-enyl diphosphate (HMBPP, 1). Laser irradiation of 2 at 308 nm initiated the photocrosslinking reaction with proteins. When the B30.2 domain of BTN3A1, which contains a positively charged PAg-binding pocket, was exposed to increasing amounts of HMBPP (1) labeling by BioBP-HMBPP (2) was reduced significantly. Since BSA labeling was not impaired, clearly 2 binds to the same site as natural ligand 1. Thus, BioBP-HMBPP (2) is a suitable tool to identify co-ligands or receptors involved in PAg-mediated T cell activation. - Source :PubMed

Tumour necrosis factor (TNF) inhibitor-induced isolated pleural granulomas: a rare adverse effect.

A 53-year-old man with a history of Crohn's disease on infliximab, presented with several weeks of cough and dyspnoea. He had a right-sided pleural effusion, found to be exudative with lymphocytic predominance. He underwent right-sided video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) with biopsies and pleurodesis. Histopathology showed pleural-based non-caseating granulomas with unremarkable lung parenchyma. Cultures were only positive for Propionibacterium acnes 8 months later, he was found to have a left-sided exudative, lymphocytic predominant pleural effusion. Left-sided VATS and biopsies again showed pleural-based non-caseating granulomas with normal lung parenchyma. Having ruled out an active infection and malignant lesions, we diagnosed infliximab-induced pleural granulomas. Infliximab was stopped. The patient continues to do well at 6 years of follow-up. We believe this is the first report of tumour necrosis factor (TNF) inhibitor-induced isolated pleural granulomas. P. acnes and cytokine imbalance might be responsible for the pathogenesis of TNF inhibitor-induced granulomas. - Source :PubMed

Gentaur adresses

Voortstraat 49, 1910 Kampenhout BELGIUM
Tel 0032 16 58 90 45
Fax 0032 16 50 90 45
9, rue Lagrange, 75005 Paris
Tel 01 43 25 01 50
Fax 01 43 25 01 60
Howard Frank Turnberry House
1404-1410 High Road
Whetstone London N20 9BH
Tel 020 3393 8531
Fax 020 8445 9411
GENTAUR Poland Sp. z o.o.
ul. Grunwaldzka 88/A m.2
81-771 Sopot, Poland
Tel 058 710 33 44
Fax 058 710 33 48
GENTAUR Nederland BV
Kuiper 1
5521 DG Eersel Nederland
Tel 0208-080893
Fax 0497-517897
Piazza Giacomo Matteotti, 6, 24122 Bergamo
Tel 02 36 00 65 93
Fax 02 36 00 65 94
GENTAUR bulgaria
53 Iskar Str. Kokalyane,
Sofia 1191
Tel 0035929830070
Fax 0035929830072
Tel 0911876558
Genprice Inc, Logistics
547 Yurok Circle
San Jose, CA 95123
invoicing/ accounting:
6017 Snell Ave, Suite 357
San Jose, CA. 96123
Tel 001 408 780 0908